I am drawn to the contemplative space created by the luminous and translucent qualities of glass. As a newly created substance, glass is like an amorphous being seeming to have a mind of its own, which makes working with it challenging yet rewarding.  

I use a combination of 'cire perdue' and 'pate de verre' techniques with the lost wax casting process to realize my work. The original is carved in wax and a refractory firing mold is formed around it. The wax is melted out of the mold and cooled. Glass frits and powders are placed in the mold, then fired to melt and/or fuse the glass particles together.  After annealing and cooling, the mold is carefully removed. The finishing process involves removing imperfections, carving, polishing, and acid etching. Each piece emerges one of a kind, born from raw materials and the alchemy of fire.


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  • 'Cire perdue' translated means 'lost wax casting'. This process involves melting glass frit to join the particles in a somewhat seamless way. The transparency depends on the glass composition and how long the glass is kept at different temperatures.
  • 'Pate de Verre' translated means 'paste of glass'. This process involves mixing glass powders and frits with a binder and pressing the paste into the mold with tools. The transparency depends on the size and color composition of the frits. The glass is typically held at fuse temperatures for a very short time to create a sugary effect.
  • 'Hot Cast Glass'. This process involves pouring hot glass into a mold from a ladle or crucible. Prior to the pouring, the glass is held at high temperature in a kiln or furnace for a long period to eliminate air for high transparency.  
  • Dimensions in U.S Standard

Types of glass used

  • glass:  Bullseye Glass
  • crystal:  New Zealand Gaffer
  • hot cast: Spruce Pine

For purchase inquiry, please send me a note from my Contact page.